General Pediatrics

Friday, April 25, 2014

Capsusle Asthma affects millions of individuals worldwide. Pharmacotherapy for asthma management consists of both quick-relief medications (short-acting β-agonists) as well as maintenance, or long-term control, medications (inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting β-agonists, leukotriene receptor antagonists, cromolyn, and theophylline). Some aspects of therapy will be presented in this session
Chairperson S. Bahna, USA
08:30 What is optimal management of childhood asthma?
O. Kalayci, Turkey 
09:00 Does food allergy affect the respiratory tract?
A. Fiocchi, Italy
09:30 Why this child’s asthma is not well controlled?
S. Bahna, USA 

Capsule Food allergy has been gaining increasing attention, mostly as causing gastrointestinal and cutaneous reactions. Its role in asthma seems to be under-recognized. Cow's milk can cause wheezing in children with asthma. The various methods of diagnosing food allergy and the management of this entity will be discussed in this session
Chairperson S. Bahna, USA
Debate: What is the role of blood tests in the diagnosis of allergy?
O. Kalayci, Turkey
S. Bahna, USA
11:05 Does breastfeeding and delayed introduction of solid foods prevent allergy?
A. Fiocchi, Italy
11:30 Should peanuts be banned from schools?
S. Bahna, USA

Capsule Growth during childhood and adolescence occurs at different rates and is influenced by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Studies on these factors will be presented in this session
Chairperson J.M. Wit, Netherlands
12:10 Diagnosing of GH deficiency
J.M. Wit, Netherlands
12:40 Management of children born SGA
P.E. Clayton,UK 
13:10 Deciphering short stature in children
C. Giannini, Italy

Capsule Some case reports have alerted the medical community of fatality in children receiving codeine after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Genetic variations in liver microenzyme, CYP2D6, had been associated with some of the deaths. Opioids metabolized by CYP2D6 include codeine, tramadol, hydrocodone and oxycodone. Genetic testing (CYP2D6) before prescribing these opioids may avoid some of the life-threatening adverse effects of these drugs
Chairperson G. Koren, Canada
14:30 The role of codeine in pediatric medicine
G. Koren, Canada
Prediction of codeine toxicity in infants and their breastfeeding mothers using genetic markers
J. Sistonen, Switzerland
15:30 Off label drug administration in neonates
P. Svihovec, Czech Republic 

Saturday, April 26, 2014

For unclear reasons, antibiotic therapy is efficacious only for few causes of bacterial gastroenteritis (mainly shigellosis), ineffective in others and may even harm in Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC) gastroenteritis by increasing the risk of hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Thus, the empiric antibiotic treatment is controversial.
Chairperson S. Ashkenazi, Israel
08:30 Pharmacologic treatment of acute gastroenteritis
H. Szajewska, Poland
09:00 Antibiotic treatment of acute gastroenteritis
S. Ashkenazi, Israel
09:30 Do we need universal rotavirus vaccination in developed countries?
P. Pazdiora, Czech Republic

It is currently controversial which imaging should be done in a child with febrile UTI, with disagreements among various published guidelines. Renal ultrasound is non-invasive and radiation free, but does not detect vesico-ureteral reflux. The gold standard for diagnosing the latter is voiding cystourethrograpy (VCUG), but it is invasive and associated with significant radiation exposure. Renal scan is optimal for detecting renal scars, but may document transient changes when performed a short time after the infection.
Chairperson: J. Janda, Czech Republic
10:20 Antibiotic therapy
S. Ashkenazi, Israel
10:50 Controversies in the management of UTI in children
J. Janda, Czech Republic
11:20 Imaging modalities in UTI
M. Kyncl, Czech Republic

Capsule Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading cause of preventable developmental disorders. Children exposed to alcohol in utero may suffer from various neurodevelopmental disorders for their entire life. What is the safe amount of alcohol that women may consume during pregnancy? When is the critical period for the fetus? How can we prevent the permanent damage? These are some of the topics that will be discussed in this talk
Chairperson G. Koren, Canada
12:10 Does breastfeeding increase child IQ?
G. Koren, Canada
12:40 Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Y. Senecky, Israel 
13:10 Do breast fed babies need vitamin supplementation
F. Mimouni, Israel



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